# Explain the Scope and Nature of Statistics- Subjectquery.com

## Scope of Statistics

The following things are included under the statistics area:-

• Subject Matter of Statistics
• Nature of Statistics
• Limitations of Statistics.

### 1. Subject Matter of Statistics:

The subject matter of the statistics can be divided into two parts:-

#### (i) Statistical Methods:

Data are collected with the help of statistical methods, they are made simple and informative, and with the help of proper conclusions are obtained. There are many methods to get help to collect data and make them eligible for use. These methods are called statistical methods.

It can be classified into several categories:-

• Collection of Data
• Organization
• Condensation
• Interpretation
• Analysis
• Forecasting.

#### (ii) Applied Statistics:

The statistics described above give us the knowledge of the theory but how to bring those policies into practice is studied under practical or applied statistics. It can be divided into the following three categories:-

### 2. Nature of Statistics:

Basically, the nature of statistical analysis is classified into two categories but at some time it categorized into three forms:-

(i) It is an aspect of science.

(ii) It is an aspect of art.

(iii) It is a scientific method.

### 3. Limitations of Statistics:

At present, the field of statistics continues to grow, but it has its own limitations like:-

(i) Study of numerical elements.

(ii) Prosperity certified conclusions.

(iii) Uniformity of digits.

(iv) Statistics present instruments, not the solutions.

(v) Reference attribute.

## Nature of Statistics: Science or Art

### 1. Statistics is a Science:

Statistics is a script in which we get orderly or systematic knowledge. From the point of view of the prescribed conditions of science, statistics can be called science on the following aspects:-

(i) Statistics is the rule of knowledge and is developing at a very rapid pace.

(ii) Its various policies are widely used in all areas. Law of statistical regularity, Law of Inertia of Large Numbers, Theory of Probability, etc are universal rules.

(iii) Based on the facts of the past and present, future trends are predicted by many statistical methods.

In this way, we can say that it is absolutely appropriate to say science to statistics.

### 2. Statistics is an Art:

If science is knowledge then art is action i.e., art refers to the branch of knowledge which changes the best methods for solving various problems and the measures for achieving the facts are also suggested.

Statistics is also an art because of-

(i) Statistics presents solutions, methods, and conclusions for solving the problem of various questions.

(ii) How to use different statistical methods and rules to solve various problems? This thing is also studied mainly in statistics. For Example, statistics tell us where the use of the arithmetic mean is best and in which direction the median will be best used? How to create an index and what median should be used?

(iii) For the behavior of statistical methods, special skills and experience, and self-restraint are required in the person, which is very necessary for art to say a subject.

### 3. Statistics is a Scientific Method:

It should be understood in the context of general scientific methods of acquiring knowledge. There are four aspects to this research;

(i) Observation

(ii) Hypothesis

(iii) Prediction

(iv) Verification

In fact, statistical methods are only a useful tool needed for research, so that Crookston has also considered statistics as a scientific method.

## Other Related Questions

Q.1: Discuss or Explain the natures of statistics?

Ans: The nature of statistics can be classified into two categories:-

(i) Statistics is a science

(ii) Statistics is an art.

Q.2: What are the main scope of statistics?

Ans: The scope of statistics described as follows:-

• Subject Matter of Statistics
• Nature of Statistics
• Limitations of Statistics.

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